Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry
Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons

Co-Director, College Mental Health Project
WHO, World Mental Health Initiative

Research Summary

Dr. Auerbach received his B.A. from Cornell University (2000), Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology from McGill University (2010), and completed his clinical internship at McLean Hospital – Harvard Medical School (2010). Dr. Auerbach’s research is committed to improving our understanding of depression and suicide in adolescents. His research is multidisciplinary and utilizes a multimodal approach for assessment (e.g., laboratory-based experiments, EEG/ERPs, fMRI) to determine why depressive symptoms unfold, how self-injurious and suicidal behaviors develop, and what changes in the brain during treatment. As a whole, the research aims to better understand the putative mechanisms that may improve early identification of and treatment for adolescent depression and suicidal behaviors. This work is funded by grants from the National Institute of Mental Health, the Klingenstein Third Generation Foundation, the Dana Foundation: Clinical Neuroscience Research Grant, and several private foundations, and to date, it has resulted in over 90 published scientific papers and book chapters. Dr. Auerbach is the recipient of a number of awards including the David Shakow Early Career Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions in Clinical Psychology, the Society for Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology Early Career Award, the Theodore Blau Early Career Award, and the Career Development Leadership Award from the Anxiety and Depression Association of America.

Select Publications
  1. Auerbach, R. P., Pisoni, A., Bondy, E., Kumar, P., Stewart, J. G., Yendiki, A., & Pizzagalli, D. A. (in press). Neuroanatomical prediction of anhedonia in adolescents. Neuropsychopharmacology.
  2. Bondy, E., Stewart, J. G., Hajcak, G., Weinberg, A., Tarlow, N., Mittal, V. A., & Auerbach, R. P. (in press). Emotion processing in female youth: Testing the stability of the late positive potential. Psychophysiology.
  3. Glenn, C. R., Kleiman, E. M., Coppersmith, D. D. L., Santee, A. C., Esposito, E. C., Cha, C. B., Nock, M. K., & Auerbach, R. P. (in press). Implicit identification with death predicts change in suicide ideation during psychiatric treatment in adolescents. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.
  4. Glenn, C. R., Lanzillo, E. C., Esposito, E. C., Santee, A. C., Nock, M. K., & Auerbach, R. P. (in press). Examining the course of suicidal and nonsuicidal self-injurious thoughts and behaviors in outpatient and inpatient adolescents. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology.
  5. Jensen, E. J., Auerbach, R. P., Pisoni, A., & Pizzagalli, D. A. (in press). Localized MRS reliability of in vivo glutamate at 3 tesla in shortened scan times: A feasibility study. NMR in Biomedicine.
  6. Stewart, J. G., Glenn, C. R., Esposito, E. C., Cha, C. B., Nock, M. K., & Auerbach, R. P. (in press). Cognitive control deficits differentiate adolescent suicide ideators from attempters. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.
  7. Stewart, J. G., Valeri, L., Esposito, E. C., & Auerbach, R. P. (in press). Peer victimization and suicidal thoughts and behaviors in depressed adolescents. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology.
  8. Stewart, J. G., Esposito, E. C., Glenn, C. R., Gilman, S. E., Pridgen, B., Gold, J., & Auerbach, R. P. (2017). Adolescent self-injurers: Comparing non-ideators, suicide ideators, and suicide attempters. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 84, 105-112.
  9. Webb, C. A., Auerbach, R. P., Bondy, E., Stanton, C. H., Foti, D. J., & Pizzagalli, D. A. (2017). Abnormal neural responses to feedback in depressed adolescents. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 126, 19-31.
  10. van Alphen, N. R., Stewart, J. G., Esposito, E. C., Pridgen, B., Gold, J., & Auerbach, R. P. (2017). Predictors of rehospitalization for depressed adolescents admitted to acute psychiatric treatment. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 78, 592-598.
  11. Auerbach, R. P., Alonso, J., Axinn, W. G., Cuijpers, P., Ebert, D., Green, J. G., Hwang, I., Kessler, R. C., Liu, H., Mortier, P., Nock, M. K., Pinder-Amaker, S., Sampson, N., Aguilar-Gaxiola, S., Al-Hamzawi, A., Andreade, L. H., Benjet, C., Caldas-de-Almeida, J. M., Demyttenaere, K., Florescu, S., de Girolamo, G., Gureje, O., Haro, J. M., Karam, E., Kiejna, A., Kovess-Masfety, V., Lee, S., McGrath, J., O’Neill, S., Pennell, B.E., Scot, K., ten Have, M., Torres, Y., Zarkov, Z., & Bruffaerts, R. (2016). Mental disorders among college students in the WHO World Mental Health Surveys. Psychological Medicine, 46, 2955-2970.
  12. Auerbach, R. P., Bondy, E., Stanton, C. H., Webb, C. A., Shankman, S. A., & Pizzagalli, D. A. (2016). Self-referential processing in adolescents: Stability of behavioral and event-related potential markers. Psychophysiology, 53, 1398-1406.
  13. Auerbach, R. P., Tarlow, N., Bondy, E., Stewart, J. G., Aguirre, B., Kaplan, C., Yang, W., & Pizzagalli, D. A. (2016). Electrocortical reactivity during self-referential processing in female youth with borderline personality disorder. Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging, 1, 335-344.
  14. Auerbach, R. P., Millner, A. J., Stewart, J. G., & Esposito, E. C. (2015). Identifying differences between depressed adolescent suicide ideators and attempters. Journal of Affective Disorders, 186, 127-133.
  15. Auerbach, R. P., Stanton, C. H., Proudfit, G. H., & Pizzagalli, D. A. (2015). Self-referential processing in depressed adolescents: A high-density event-related potential study. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 124(2), 233-245.
  16. Auerbach, R. P., Stewart, J. G., Stanton, C. H., Mueller, E., & Pizzagalli, D. A. (2015). Emotion processing and resting EEG activity in depressed adolescents. Depression and Anxiety, 32, 693-701.
  17. Auerbach, R. P., Admon, R. & Pizzagalli, D. A. (2014). Adolescent depression: Stress and reward dysfunction. Harvard Review of Psychiatry, 22, 139-148.
  18. Auerbach, R. P., Ho, M. H. R., Kim, J. C. (2014). Identifying cognitive and interpersonal predictors of adolescent depression. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 42, 913-924.
  19.  Auerbach, R. P., Bigda-Peyton, J., Eberhart, N. K., Webb, C. A., & Ho, M. H. R. (2011). Conceptualizing the prospective relationship between social support, stress, and depressive symptoms. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 39, 475-487.
Grants

2017 – 2019    National Institute of Mental Health (R21 MH112330)
Identifying Social Processes Implicated in Remitted Recurrent Depression
Principal Investigator (with Stewart A. Shankman)

2016 – 2018    National Institute of Mental Health (R56 MH109566)
Predicting Internet-Based Treatment Response for Major Depressive Disorder
Principal Investigator

2016 – 2021    National Institute of Mental Health (R01 MH108602)
Sex, Hormones, and GABA in Stress Induced Anhedonia in Depression
Co-Investigator (PI: Diego Pizzagalli)

2016 – 2021    National Institute of Mental Health (R37 MH068376)
Neuroimaging Studies of Reward Processing in Depression
Co-Investigator (PI: Diego Pizzagalli)

2015 – 2019    National Institute of Mental Health (U01 MH108168)
Connectomes Related to Anxiety and Depression in Adolescents
Co-Investigator (PIs: John Gabrieli, Susan Whitfield-Gabrieli)

2014 – 2017    The Dana Foundation: Clinical Neuroscience Research Grant
Toward Identification of Neural Predictors of Adolescent Depression:
A Multimodal Neuroimaging Study
Principal Investigator (with Diego Pizzagalli)

2013 – 2015    Klingenstein Third Generation Foundation Adolescent Depression Fellowship
Predicting Adolescent Major Depressive Disorder: A Multimodal Brain Imaging Approach
Principal Investigator

2013 – 2017    National Institute of Mental Health (K23 MH097786)
Examination of Reward Processing in the Treatment of Adolescent Major Depression
Principal Investigator

2012 – 2017    Tommy Fuss Fund
Targeting Neural Mechanisms in the Treatment of Adolescent Depression
Principal Investigator

2012 – 2013    Kaplen Fellowship on Depression, Harvard Medical School
The Neural Underpinnings Associated with Reward Dysfunction in Adolescent Depression
Principal Investigator